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Informational Physical Science: “Pushes and Pulls: Speeding Up and Slowing Down”

Kindergarten • Half Day Lesson Plan
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Lesson Plan Description

Kindergarten half day of ELA lesson plans containing 3 separate segments (45-60 minutes each) addressing reading and writing comprehension standards. These lessons include a read aloud of an informational text on the physical science topic of pushes and pulls. Use the printable text, “Pushes and Pulls: Speeding Up and Slowing Down” by Jennifer Kaul, to help students practice identifying parts of a nonfiction text, defining new vocabulary using context clues, asking and answering question, cause and effect, and using the scientific method.

  • Segment 1: students will identify the title and author of the book, use context clues to define new vocabulary, ask and answer questions about the text, investigate how objects move and stop, identify activities as a push or a pull, define push and pull, and brainstorm push and pull activities in a web diagram.
  • Segment 2: use context clues to define new vocabulary, ask and answer questions about the text, investigate how pushes and pulls speed up and slow down, discuss cause and effect on the topic of push and pull, explore and understand how a push and pull affects how objects move, share and discuss observations, sort pushes and pulls in a Venn Diagram, define push and pull.
  • Segment 3: students will ask and answer questions about the text, use context clues to define new vocabulary, define push and pull, follow the scientific method by forming a question, hypothesis, investigating, observing, and drawing a conclusion about pushes and pulls, investigate how pushes and pulls speed up and slow down, investigate how objects move and stop, discuss cause and effect on the topic of push and pull, explore and understand how a push and pull affects how objects move, share and discuss observations.

This lesson addresses NGSS PS3.C: Relationship Between Energy and Forces A bigger push or pull makes things speed up or slow down more quickly. (secondary to K-PS2-1)

These lessons can be taught over the span of a half day or you can use the lessons independently, broken up over several days.